Enugu State is a mainland state in southeastern Nigeria. Its capital is Enugu.

Enugu State was created in the year 1991 from the old Anambra State.

The principal cities in the state are Enugu, Udi, Oji and Nsukka.

The name of State derives from its capital city, Enugu. The word “Enugu” (from Enu Ugwu) means “the top of the hill“. The first European settlers arrived in the area in 1909, led by a British mining engineer, Albert Ernest Kitson. In his quest for silver, he discovered coal in the Udi Ridge. Colonial Governor of Nigeria Frederick Lugard took keen interest in the discovery, and by 1914 the first shipment of coal was made to Britain. As mining activities increased in the area, a permanent cosmopolitan settlement emerged, supported by a railway system. Enugu acquired township status in 1917 and became strategic to British interests. Foreign businesses began to move into Enugu, the most notable of which were John Holt, Kingsway Stores, British Bank of West Africa and United Africa Company.

From Enugu, the British administration was able to spread its influence over the Southern Province of Nigeria. The colonial past of Enugu is today evidenced by the Georgian building types and meandering narrow roads within the residential area originally reserved for the whites, an area which is today called the Government Reserved Area (GRA).

From being the capital of the Southern Provinces, Enugu became the capital of the Eastern Region (now divided into nine States), the capital of now defunct Federal Republic of Biafra, thereafter, the capital of East Central State, Anambra State, (old) Enugu State, and now the capital of the present Enugu State through a process of state creation and diffusion of administrative authority.

Enugu State has a population of about 3.3 million people. It is a home to the Igbos (95% of the population) and the Igala people, among others.



The Local Government Areas in Enugu State

  • Aninri
  • Awgu
  • Enugu East
  • Enugu North
  • Enugu South
  • Ezeagu
  • Igbo Etiti
  • Igbo Eze North
  • Igbo Eze South
  • Isi Uzo
  • Nkanu East
  • Nkanu West
  • Nsukka
  • Oji River
  • Udenu
  • Udi
  • Uzo Uwani


Enugu has come a long way as the capital city of Nigeria’s Eastern Region; defunct State of Biafra; East Central State; old Anambra State; old Enugu State, when Abakaliki (now Ebonyi State) was part of it and the present Enugu State. Politically and socio-culturally, Enugu remains home to all Igbos. It continues to play a key role in the socio-political cum economic life of Ndigbo and Nigeria.

Created as an urban settlement in 1909, following the discovery of coal, Enugu was made the administrative headquarters during the amalgamation of the Northern and Southern Protectorates of Nigeria, in 1914. It retained the status in 1929, when the Province of Southern Nigeria was created and has continued to forge a common force for peace, unity and progress.

Enugu remains emblematic of Ndigbo and beyond, having produced a handful of legends and iconic national leaders who contributed immensely to the development of the state and the Nigerian Project. These greats include Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe, Professor Eyo Ita, Dr. Michael Okpara, Dr. Akanu Ibiam, Dim Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu, Dr. Ukpabi Asika, Senator Jim Ifeanyichukwu Nwobodo and Chief C.C Onoh, a host of others.




In their respective roles as Premiers, Administrators and Governors of Eastern Region, East Central State and Old Anambra State, they were tenacious indeed in their vision and diligent development of the present Enugu State.

The struggle for the creation of Enugu State came into limelight following the sustained agitation against social injustice meted to a people (Wawa) who were “honest, patient, intelligent and hardworking”. It was a misconception of these honesty, truthfulness and dignified attitude of the people of Wawa-speaking area (Enugu and Abakaliki) as a complex issue by the people now known as Anambra State and Imo State.

The creation of Enugu State, 30 years ago, therefore birthed unbridled excitement and sense of accomplishment for those who painstakingly, doggedly and tirelessly lent their voices and struggled for the emancipation of the Wawa people of Igboland.

These retinue of great minds, who are indeed the founding fathers of Enugu State, include; Chief C.C Onoh, Igwe Charles Abangwu, Igwe J.U Nwodo, Chief Enechi Onyia, SAN, Justice M.U Obayi, Chief C.U Oputa, Chief Dan Ogbobe, Senator Isaiah Ani, Hon. Petrus Agballah, Mr T.C Chigbo, Chief J.C.P Nwagu, Chief D.O. Nnamani, Igwe Edward Nnaji, Chief C.N Nnaji, Dr. A. Nnamani, Chief E.A Ede, Chief P.C. Ndu, Chief V. Agana, Igwe Justice Eze Ozobu, Chief C.O.B Eche, Igwe Udemgaba Maduka, Igwe Agom Eze, Igwe Abel Nwobodo, Dr. Nduka Eya, Chief Dan Agbo, Justice Achi Kanu,, Igwe Christopher Ezea, Igwe J.A.C Ngwu and Alhaji Abdulaziz Udeh.

Others include, Chief B.C Okwu, Justice Anthony Aniagolu, Justice Nnaemeka Agu, Igwe E.A. Chime, Chief E.A. Nnaji, Chief E.C Nnaedozie, Chief F.A Oji, Chief G.U Ochi, Chief N.N Onugu, Chief S.C Ogbodo, Chief M.A Obeagu, Mazi O.J Edeoga, Chief D.C. Ugwu, Chief R.O. Ukuta, Chief M. Ekwueme, V.A Nwalieji, Chief P.U Obodeze, Chief A.C Nweke, Mr B.C Onuora, L.O Nnaji, J.U Adonu, Patrick Ugwuanyi, Chief B.O.M. Edeoga, Professor Godwin Odenigwe, Professor Lawrence Ocho, Ambassador Justina Eze and all other heroes and heroines of Enugu State origin.

They had courage, made sacrifices and were resolute in their struggle to achieve the desired end and posterity will forever remember them in highest esteem for they indeed occupy a special place in the lexicon of Enugu State. Also to be remembered in a special way, are the courage and sacrifices of the likes of Late Chief Onyeama N’ Eke and members of the Enugu Aborigines Improvement Union who sowed the seed for the struggle against the oppression and subjugation of the Wawa people of Igboland as far back as the 1920’s.

During the Silver Jubilee of Enugu State, five years ago, the present Governor of Enugu State, Rt. Hon. Ifeanyi Ugwuanyi, had dutifully recognized the contributions of the above listed leaders including those now in the present Ebonyi and Anambra states who also offered invaluable assistance towards the struggle for the creation of the state.


Kudos must also go to those who had presided over the affairs of the State since its creation. They include, Col Herbert Obi Eze, Dr. Okwesilieze Nwodo, Navy Captain Temi Ejoor, Colonel Mike Torey, Col. Sule Ahman, Navy Captain Adewunmi Agbaje, Dr. Chimaroke Nnamani, and Barr. Sullivan I. Chime.

Today, Enugu State, under the dynamic leadership of Gov. Ugwuanyi, has kept faith with the dreams and aspirations of its founding fathers.

The state continues to occupy its pride of place as home to all, a model of peace and good governance and one of the most peaceful and secure states in Nigeria, to live and do business.

Enugu State, under Gov. Ugwuanyi, has also gone beyond the horizon of parochialism, to promote the principles of love, unity and peace among the political, religious and traditional institutions, which the former Secretary-General and now President-General of Enugu State Development Association (ESDA), Chief Enechi Onyia, identified as one of the cardinal dreams and aspirations of the founding fathers of Enugu State.

Chief Onyia, who attributed the developmental strides in the Coal City State to the peace and good governance initiatives of Gov. Ugwuanyi, said that, “There is very significant peace in Enugu State,” stressing that “without peace there is no progress”.

It is on record that Gov. Ugwuanyi, through his administration’s peace and grassroots development initiatives, has ensured that more infrastructural developments are concentrated in the rural areas than in the urban centres, to give the rural dwellers a sense of belonging and open up their areas for socio-economic expansion. His administration has continued with some uncompleted projects of past administrations such as the Enugu International Conference Centre and the Enugu State Medical Diagnostic Centre.

Just recently, the peace-loving governor broke a record when he finally settled an age-long inter-communal dispute between Oruku and Umuode communities in Nkanu East Local Government Area, which had lasted for over 25 years, despite interventions by past administrations.

During their thank-you visit to the governor, the jubilant people of both communities, through the traditional ruler of Umuode Autonomous Community, HRH Igwe Moses Idenyi, described Gov. Ugwuanyi as “a wonderful and honest man” and “God’s gift to mankind”, who brought light over darkness in our communities, stressing that, “words of thanksgiving cannot be enough for you”.

According to him, “my people were enemies before, but today, we are here clapping hands, thanking God because you (Ugwuanyi) made it possible”.

Indeed, the governor’s uncommon leadership style has ushered in the wind of peace and a revolutionary infrastructural rebirth in the local communities of Enugu State, reinvigorating the passionate vision of the state’s founding fathers to give every Wawa man a sense of belonging, irrespective of class or social status.

Through the rural development initiatives, such as the “One Community One Project” programme and a great deal of passion for the wellbeing of the masses, Gov. Ugwuanyi has remembered the long-neglected communities in the state in line with his firm commitment to the founding fathers’ aspirations.

It would be recalled that Gov. Ugwuanyi in his first term inaugural address, on May 29, 2015, recommitted himself to the aspirations of the founding fathers of Enugu State to “take up the gauntlet of the struggle for the emancipation of the Wawa man from where our heroes past stopped”.

The governor proclaimed that God Almighty has anointed him for a mission – “to bring good news, message of continued hope, peace and development to our people; to bind up the broken-hearted; to proclaim liberty to every Wawa man caught in the prison of poverty and under-development”, promising: “And these, I owe you and my God to fulfill”.

He also vowed, in accordance with the ideals and aspirations of the founding fathers of Enugu State, to “deploy government services to create fair and equal opportunity for every willing citizen to make a living, educate our children, and enjoy life in a peaceful and secure environment” while driving with full force, investment promotion, agricultural sector renewal, provision of critical infrastructure, human capital development and skill acquisition.

Gov. Ugwuanyi equally pledged, among other things, to pursue employment generation, enhanced social services and good governance, rural development, security and justice.

Four years down the line, the people’s governor, in spite of the daunting and severe economic challenges that confronted the nation when he assumed office, has entrusted Enugu State to the hands of God and placed it on a pedestal of peace, good governance, innovation, inclusive leadership and participatory democracy.

Muhammed Buhari Biography; Age, Career, Net Worth

His humble disposition, honesty, simplicity, candour, good works and uncommon leadership style of inclusive governance and open-door policy delivered the message of hope and rekindled the confidence of the people in participatory democracy. He has bound up the broken-hearted with a wind of peace that has united everybody in the state, especially the political leaders irrespective of class, religion, socio-economic and political background. This cherished ambiance of peace and unity has remained the pillar of his administration’s success story and one of the major reasons for this 28th anniversary celebration.

The governor’s commitment to the principles of transparency, accountability, due process and prudent management of the state’s lean resources, has ensured delivery of democracy dividends to the doorsteps of the people.


While workers’ salaries and pensions are paid regularly with or without the receipt of the statutory allocations from the federation account – even at the time 27 states could not pay, including the 13th month salary as Christmas bonus, over 400 kilometres of roads spread across the state have been covered with signature projects such as the remodeled ancient, historic and undulating Milliken Hill road and the Opi-Nsukka dual carriageway.

Scholarships were granted to 680 indigent students of Enugu State Polytechnic, Iwollo, Ezeagu Local Government Area and the Institute of Management and Technology, Enugu, for four years of academic studies in all engineering programmes of the institutions. The Enugu State Traders Empowerment Scheme, launched to assist traders in the state to grow their various businesses through monthly raffle draw has so far benefited 3,600 traders who emerged winners of N50,000 each.

While assessing the governor’s achievements in line with the state’s founding fathers’ dreams, Chief Onyia said that “the governor has gone to the extent of trying to meet the needs of the generality of the people”, pointing out that “he went to the market place and started helping them because he wants to increase the economy – that is philosophic too”.

Prof. Yemi Osinbajo; Biography, Education, Age, Profession, Net Worth

On security, while Enugu remains one of the safest states in the country, the state government has continued with its measures to strengthen the security architecture of the state. Consequently, the state has commenced the overhauling of Vigilante/Neighborhood Watch groups and recruitment of 1,700 Forest Guards in the 17 local government areas for maximum effectiveness; presentation of an Anti-Kidnapping Bill to the State Assembly as an Executive Bill; payment of 5,200 Vigilante/Neighborhood Watch personnel comprising 20 persons per ward as well as intensive clearing of bushes, which serve as hideouts for kidnappers and other criminal elements, among other interventions.

The state’s traditional rulers, the Catholic Diocese of Enugu and other churches, the President-General of Ohanaeze Ndigbo, Chief Nnia Nwodo, among others, have expressed satisfaction with the governor’s untiring efforts and the recent measures so far taken by his administration to enhance security as well as nip in the bud all criminal elements in the state.



Determined to fully actualize the dreams of the founding fathers of Enugu State, Gov. Ugwuanyi, on assumption of office for a second term, has taken an apt and innovative step by constituting 12 Sectoral ad-hoc committees to review programmes, policies and activities of his administration in the last four years and make recommendations that would assist his government to reposition the state’s public service for optimized service delivery and advancement of good governance in the state.

As the committees have submitted their weighty recommendations on how to optimize service delivery and advance good governance in the state, the stage is now set for the constitution of the implementation team, which has commenced with the submission of the first batch of Commissioner nominees to the State House of Assembly for consideration and possible confirmation, for the people of Enugu State to continue to enjoy more dividends of democracy.

Enugu State is truly in the hands of God.

About Stephen Somtochukwu 3 Articles
A Blogger, Web Developer, Graphic Designer.

Be the first to comment

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.